Reward power, coercive power, expert power, legitimate power, referent power can be divided into two general categories of personal power and position power. The referent power of the key note speaker was of great value to the organization for which he was closely associated with 14 people found this helpful because he spent so many years as a close friend and neighbor it is natural to see they have allowed him over so much referent power. Yet, at a minimum, they suggest a government — from the state department to the cia, the military leadership, the irs and justice — filled with sycophants under the sway of obama's referent power. Referent power in leadership is the ability of a leader to cultivate the respect and admiration of his followers in such a way that they wish to be like him in other words, referent power is.
Most frequently cited are french and raven's five types of power: reward, coercion, expert, referent and legitimate 5 while illustrations of all five types of influence are found in scripture, god most heavily draws on a sixth type of power: informational power god has revealed his will in scripture. One particular type of power is called expert power expert power is one of the 5 types of power identified by psychologists john r p french and bertram raven in 1959 expert power is defined as the use of (the perception of) expert knowledge to get a subordinate to follow an instruction or order. Donna m randall leadership and the use of positional power one of the most difficult leadership challenges in all organizations is 4referent this source of.
In the last exploration of leadership power series, we will review referent power referent power is authority based on personality characteristics or interpersonal skills that command followers' attention, respect, and admiration so that they can emulate the leader. Referent power is the ability to convey a sense of personal acceptance or approval it is held by people with charisma, integrity, and other positive qualities it is held by people with charisma. This article explains the five forms of power, by john french and bertram raven in a practical way after reading you will understand the basics of this powerful leadership theory.
Referent power as one of the most common types of power in the workplace, you have probably noticed referent power in your own place of business this type of power is gained as a result of inferior employees admiring their superior. Different forms of power operate within organizations while some appear formally on organization charts, and exist by virtue of official position or capacity to reward or punish, expert power. Abstract though emerging from qualitatively different leadership paradigms, house's (1977) conceptualization of charisma and french and raven's (1968) personal power bases intuitively appear to represent similar leader characteristics. Referent power is also created through the values of the individual some folks are born with it others study leadership and develop themselves to be able to exercise this form of power.
We define referent power and why it's particularly useful for female leaders, then offer a plan for women to acquire and wield it in the workplace. Referent power referent power comes from being a role model and others seeing you as someone they want to emulate you become a mentor of sorts, and others will consider what you might do in a similar situation before acting. (t/f) personal sources of power, referent and reward, are the ones most closely related to people's motivation to perform to their managers' expectations t (t/f) the trait approach assumes the existence of a leadership personality and assumes that leaders are born, not made. Referent power, as an aspect of personal power, becomes particularly important as organizational leadership is increasingly about collaboration and influence rather than command and control.
Types of power referent power - the desire for a feeling of oneness and acceptance in a valued relationship referent power is based upon identification with, attraction to, or respect for the leader. The role of power in effective leadership in the survey, respondents were asked to identify the extent to which they currently leverage the various sources of power at work. Referent power is gained by a leader who has strong interpersonal relationship skills referent power, as an aspect of personal power, becomes particularly important as organizational leadership is increasingly about collaboration and influence rather than command and control. Published: mon, 5 dec 2016 with the aid of leadership theory and specific examples, this paper reflects upon and analyses the leadership style and power and influence tactics of mohandas karamchand gandhi as portrayed in the movie gandhi.
For any type of power, the size of the range may vary greatly, but in general, referent power will have the broadest range, french and raven write upside: when used effectively, referent power can influence and motivate people. Expert power is where expertise or knowledge is the source of power this is where credentials, awards, and know-how play a role you end up deferring to greater knowledge for the area of expertise, such as a doctor or mechanic. 3) nurturing another component of developing referent leadership is nurturing according to thompson (1996) a referent leader takes an interest in the feelings of other people and exhibits concern for them.