- by the 1700's, new england, the chesapeake region and the southern colonies developed into three distinct societies, despite coming from the same mother country, england the regions of colonial america each had a distinctive culture and economy entirely different from the other regions. As in new england, the majority of the elite in the middle colonies were merchants merchants dominated urban society about 40 merchants controlled half of philadelphia 's trade wealthy merchants in philadelphia and new york, like their counterparts in new england, built elegant georgian-style mansions. The middle colonies tended to mix aspects of the new england and southern colonies families generally held and worked plots of between 40 and 160 acres in new york's hudson valley, however, the dutch established the patroon system, which resembled a feudal aristocracy governing vast land grants.
Question although new england and the chesapeake region were settled largely by people of english origin, by 1700 the regions developed into two distinct societies. The southern colonies of america can be defined as experiments - whether they be economic experiments like the eventual colonies at chesapeake and deeper inland towards virginia or political experiments like oglethorpe's control over georgia - and thus the social foundations of said colonies would differ greatly than those created back. In contrast to new england and the middle colonies were the predominantly rural southern settlements: virginia, maryland, north and south carolina, and georgia by the late 17th century, virginia's and maryland's economic and social structure rested on the great planters and the yeoman farmers. The middle, or mid-atlantic, colonies included new york, new jersey, pennsylvania, and delaware this region was known for being the most ethnically diverse during the colonial period large concentrations of dutch, scots, and scotch-irish settled in new york, along with some germans and a few huguenots, or french protestants.
The middle colonies were more diverse than colonies in new england and the south most of the early settlers depended on the fur trade and on farming for economic survival the most populous of the middle colonies was pennsylvania, other colonies were settled rather haphazardly over the course of the 17th century. Social, economic, and political differences between the southern chesapeake colonies and the new england colonies there started a migration to the new world by people of english origin this migration first started in the south known as the chesapeake region. In contrast to other colonies, there was a meetinghouse in every new england town 6 in 1750 boston, a city with a population of 15000, had eighteen churches 7 in the previous century church attendance was inconsistent at best. Economies and social structures of new england the chesapeake and the middle colonies english colonies' distinct developments -chesapeake and new england the two pioneer colonies in the late 16th century into the 17th century were chesapeake regions and new england areas, and were founded by numerous colonial groups from european nations in nearly the same time period.
The economies of both regions were tied to their unique geographies and cultures new england was settled by middle-class family units many of the people who settled in the region were skilled. Chesapeake society and economy tobacco was the mainstay of the virginia and maryland economies tobacco was the mainstay of the virginia and maryland economies plantations were established by riverbanks for the good soil and to ensure ease of transportation. The chesapeake and new england colonies were both settled by predominantly british immigrants they founded the chesapeake colonies such as virginia in 1607 and maryland in 1634 they founded the new england colonies such as massachusetts in 1630, connecticut in 1635, rhode island is 1636 and new hampshire in 1639. New england in the new england colonies, settlers went there for religious freedom lumber, ship building, and trading was used in the colonies and fishing was relied on.
Economic characteristics of the new england colonies the new england colonies consisted of subsistence farming, shipbuilding industries, cod industries, grain mills & saw mills, and lots of trade all of these economic characteristics of the new england colonies are tied to mercantilism some how. The chesapeake was about trade, plantations and agriculture, and in new england, although there was a very sure importance placed on economic stability and prosperity, it was more important to be. A major reason as to why chesapeake bay and new england evolved into two very distinctive societies was political differences the settlers of chesapeake bay modeled their government, the house of burgesses, on the house of parliament in england. Political differences charter colonies, which gave a company the right to settle in america, mainly lied in the north royal colonies, however, were settled in the name of the king of england and were governed by the house of burgesses. The middle colonies remained more tolerant of nonconformity than new england and the south pennsylvania grew rapidly german farmers, mostly from the rhine region, settled in the countryside of pennsylvania, establishing prosperous farms and the industries of weaving, shoemaking, and cabinetmaking.
51) describe the social, economic, and political changes which occurred in europe and led to exploration and colonization of the new world 52) explain how the economies and social structures of new england, the chesapeake, and the middle colonies differed from one another. Chapter 2 in the ap achiever book of this topic provides a chart to compare the chesapeake and new england colonies from 1607 to 1670 learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. What was the economy of the new england colonies like though the most important goal of early new england colonists was to provide food and necessities for themselves and their families, many settlers came to the new world in search of untapped resources and financial opportunities fur, lumber. The new england colonies and the southern colonies are slightly similar in some aspects, but drastically different in most the economy of new england was powered mostly the manufacturing in factories, whereas the southern colonies' economies were more agriculturally based.
1 unlike new england colonies,many different religious groups lived in the middle colonies 2 the middle colonies had a lot of fertile soil 3 the middle colonies exported much more wheat. A map of the chesapeake bay with a cartouche showing tobacco wharves for shipping tobacco to england close up view of a tobacco wharf during the early seventeenth century in scotland, religious persecution caused many people to leave their homeland and try to settle in the new world. Once established, the thirteen british colonies could be divided into three geographic areas: new england, middle, and southern each of these had specific economic, social, and political developments that were unique to the regions. Due to geographical, climatic, economic, and moral differences, new england and chesapeake developed into completely dissimilar regions the effects of climate and geography had an extremely opposite reaction in reference to new england and chesapeake.