The difference between collectivism and individualism is in what each ideology considers as important: the individual or the group if communism , socialism, capitalism , liberalism, conservatism , maoism , nazism , etc were not enough to confuse people as different political ideologies, we now have to confront with collectivism and individualism. Thomas below has spoken about geert hofstede's research, and india's scores on the individualism scale, but, in my personal experience as an indian, i would definitely say that india has a collectivist culture yes, india is made up of subcultures because before gaining independence from the. For instance, in a collectivist culture, if a man wants to change his job, he cannot just do so he has to consult his family and get their approval first in contrast, parents from an individualist society would probably feel that their child is too dependent on them if he has to get their approval for every single thing he does. Cultures are dynamic, continuously developing and evolvingintercultural communication 48 individualism-collectivism perhaps the single most studied dimension of cultural variability used to compare and contrast cultures and microcultures is individualism-collectivism (see figure 21. Whereas in western, individualistic cultures, the emphasis is on independence from the parent, in eastern, collectivistic cultures, the emphasis is on the sense of oneness and cohesion, and the promotion of dependence between parent and child.
Going back to the example i began this post with, people from individualistic cultures are more likely to mention personal traits when finishing the sentence i am, while people from collectivistic cultures are more likely to list relationships and group memberships. Collectivist cultures are usually contrasted with individualistic cultures where collectivism stresses the importance of the community, individualism is focused on the rights and concerns of each person. As compared with emotions in individualist cultures, emotions in collectivist cultures (a) were more grounded in assessments of social worth and of shifts in relative social worth, (b) were to a large extent taken to reflect reality rather than the inner world of the individual, and (c) belonged to the. Classically, the cultures of western europe and north america with their complex, stratified societies, where independence and differences are emphasized, are said to be individualistic, whereas in asia, africa, parts of europe and latin america where agreeing on social norms is important and jobs are interdependent, collectivism is thought to.
According to several cross-cultural studies on individualism and collectivism, the united states and germany are countries with more individualistic value orientations and venezuela and india are countries with predominantly collectivist value orientations. Benefits of collectivist cultures loyal, team spirited, willing to risk personal gain for the well being of the group -becuase they identify so strongly with their group, sometimes they react to others outside the groups aggressively. Significant cultural effects show up either at one level or at both: individualism affects trust, tolerance, membership, and political participation positively while collectivism affects these civic culture/social capital variables negatively.
Keeping in mind what a culture is, now consider how to define collectivistic cultures usually, collectivistic cultures are contrasted with individualistic ones, but there is no single definition rather, there are several characteristics that people from collectivistic cultures tend to have in common. Most members of a collectivistic culture will hold values at the collectivistic end of the continuum, although each will be at a different spot on the continuum, and some will even be at the individualistic end. A 2 (collectivistic vs individualistic orientation) × 2 (creative vs practical instructions) anova on the group culture manipulation rating revealed only a significant main effect for culture, f (1, 64) = 29442, p 001 that was in line with the manipulation.
This is challenging to an american mind because our society is the most individualist in the worldor the opposite of collectivist indian collectivist preferences coupled with in-country hierarchical structures and a fatalistic belief system result in an employee. Individualism is „the opposite of collectivism together they form on of the dimensions of national cultures individualism stands for a society in which the ties between individuals are loose: everyone is expected to look after himself or herself and his or her immediate family only 10. Hofstede: individualism / collectivism this dimension focuses on the relationship between the individual and larger social groups as mentioned earlier, cultures vary on the amount of emphasis they give on encouraging individuality / uniqueness or on conformity and interdependence.
Social anxiety is assumed to be related to cultural norms across countries heinrichs and colleagues  compared individualistic and collectivistic countries and found higher social anxiety and more positive attitudes toward socially avoidant behaviors in collectivistic than in individualistic. Recent examples on the web the tension was expressed in popular media as a defense of american individualism against the power and efficacy of japanese collectivism and corporate culture. Individualism is the one side versus its opposite, collectivism, that is the degree to which individuals are integrated into groups on the individualist side we find societies in which the ties between individuals are loose: everyone is expected to look after him/herself and his/her immediate family. Individualistic setting and the united states culture is still solidly individualistic or if it is moving toward a more socialist, tight-fitting collectivist setting literature.
Collectivist cultures tend to use an authoritarian parenting style to instill cultural values or beliefs in the children on the other hand, individualist cultures may use an authoritarian style to instill discipline, but they also want to teach their children to be independent and self-reliant. Whether a country is more individualist (idv) or collectivisit (col), can be determined by the extent to which a culture's members define their self-image in terms of 'i' or 'we' [2.
Individualism versus collectivism (idv) this refers to the strength of the ties people have to others within the community people in individualist cultures focus primarily on themselves and their direct relatives. Cultural syndromes of individualism and collectivism and personality people in collectivist cultures, compared to people in individualist cultures, are likely to define themselves as. One of them is whether a culture is more individualistic or collectivistic countries that are relatively more individualistic include the united states, great britain and the scandinavian countries some of the more collectivistic cultures are china, costa rica and indonesia.